The project was born from a reflection and from questioning about the teaching teams facing integration difficulties of some students, manifested in their behavior towards themselves (lack of confidence, unease, conducted at risk), others (indiscipline, verbal and physical abuse, degradation...) and against school work that is requested (absenteeism, work not done, underachievement leading to early school leaving).
A report by the European Association for special education differentiates three types of students failing at school: 2-3% have disabilities: sensory, motor, mental, autism; 4-6% have specific learning development disorders (dyslexia…) ; 10-15% have learning difficulties which causes are economic, social, cultural, psychological and pedagogical. Given this diversity of the causes of students’ underperforming, we would like to try to understand better these problems in each of our schools, identify them and precisely define and quantify them.
The main objective of the project will be, on the basis of this diagnosis, to seek together solutions to these problems of school integration, relying on the teaching methods or school organizations already experienced in each of our institutions :
France will bring its experience on students with deep family and social problems (especially foster children);
Italy on non-formal learning methods destined for students with learning disabilities;
Portugal on the problems of rejection of rules and indiscipline;
Turkey on the lack of motivation;
Poland on the impact of an disadvantaged social and economic background;
Spain on the integration of students from different cultures.
These solutions, imagined or already implemented in different schools, will be presented to partners during the different activities we have planned, analysed together and criticized. Every transferable element of these methods will be identified and that exchange will lead to the implementation in each establishment of new practices and/or school organizations aimed at dealing with the familial / social / cultural... diversity of all of our students and better answering the needs of the most underprivileged groups.
The need to carry out this project transnationally is fundamental, because the analysis of the situation and the implementation of new practices on a daily basis result in crossed looks from colleagues from different countries often having a different educational culture.
This project deals with a real collaborative work involving not only the European partners, but also students from each school as they will be actors in the project, as well as the other members and partners of the educational community (administration, non-teaching staff, parents, local communities).